An Outstanding Artillery FortificationFort George is the finest example of 18th-century military engineering anywhere in the British Isles.
Countering the Jacobite ThreatThe Jacobite Rising of 1745–6 proved to be the last attempt by the Stewart dynasty to regain the British throne from the Hanoverians. Following the Battle of Culloden, just 8 miles (12km) from Fort George, the government introduced ruthless measures to suppress Jacobite ambitions. Fort George was one of them, named after King George II (1727–60). It was designed as the main garrison fortress in the Scottish Highlands.
The Architecture of WarfareLieutenant-General William Skinner was the designer and first governor of Fort George. He mapped out a complex and fascinating interplay of ramparts and massive bastions, ditches and firing steps. The defences were heavily concentrated on the landward side of the promontory, from where an anticipated Jacobite assault would come. The remaining seaward sides were protected by long stretches of rampart and smaller bastions.
An Active Army BaseFort George never fired a shot in anger. Later in the 1700s, after the Jacobite threat had evaporated, the fort became a recruiting base and training camp for the rapidly expanding British Army. Many a Highland lad passed through its gates on his way to fight for the British Empire across the globe.