Environmental Impact Assessment
The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of individual projects has been a feature of Scots Law since 1988 when the EC Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment was first implemented in the UK. Information on the current regulations can be found on the Scottish Government’s Environmental Impact Assessment
The Directive’s main aim is to ensure that consent for certain projects is given in the knowledge of any significant effects on the environment. EIA is also a means for developers to share information with statutory consultees such as Historic Scotland and the general public. EIA is a means of drawing together information on a project’s likely environmental effects in a systematic way and is the process by which this information is gathered, assessed and mitigation measures applied to any significant impacts.
For developments requiring EIA, this information is submitted with the application for consent in an Environmental Statement (ES). There is no prescribed form for such documents although it should contain the information set out in parts I and II of the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Scotland) Regulations 2011
There are a number of different pieces of legislation applying EIA to specific project types e.g. applications under section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989 and forestry projects. Historic Scotland is a consultee through the Scottish Ministers on EIA in Scotland. Further information on our role in EIA, the level and type of information to be supplied and links to further information and guidance can be found on our frequently asked questions pages